Saturday, December 21, 2019

Critique of the ideas for the Existence of God - 1100 Words

Critique of the ideas for the Existence of God For thousands of years the idea of God have been questioned and proposed by philosophers, scientists and scholars alike. Many have argued for and against its existence and it’s still a subject of heated debates in the present day. Since God is a notion about an entity that was never seen or heard from by anyone, it has been a strenuous struggle to substantiate his existence. Yet, great philosophers have always found a way to validate the idea of God through their own way of reasoning. The philosophical discussions about God’s existence began with pre-modern philosophers such as Plato, Saint Augustine, and it was further examined by modern philosophers such as Descartes etc. In this essay I†¦show more content†¦However much they may lack form, and however great may be their propensity not to exist, nonetheless some form remains in them so that they do exist in some way..† so this should be enough of a proof that â€Å"all good things come from God, since everything that exists – whether that which has understanding, life, and existence or that which has only life and existence, or that which has existence alone – is from God.† (Williams, 1993, p.53) In other words all finite things owe their existence to God and these things in turn must be good, since they are creatures of God. To demonstrate the goodness of God and its’ creatures, Augustine stretches the idea of lack of the good. Evil, he believes, is the privation of the good. Thus, evil is created by the absence of the good and by the absence of God. The conclusion is all-good and powerful God exists. Another major philosopher Rene Descartes who attempted to prove God’s existence wrote a book titled Meditations, which was composed of six essays, each of which tried to answer different philosophical questions about self-existence, human nature, distinction between body and mind and about existence of God, etc. The idea of God was so important to Descartes that he devoted an entire essay to the discussion and substantiating of God’s existence. In Meditations, similarly to Augustine, Descartes begins his evaluation of God by first proving his own existence, because how can he prove God exists if heShow MoreRelatedRene Descartes Ontological Argument957 Words   |  4 Pagesmetaphysical arguments of existence of man to his proofs for the existence of God are still discussed and debated today. In the field of religion, most famous is his Ontological proof for the existence of God. In other words, proof that one can know God a priori, with no experience whatsoever. Followi ng his publication, a philosopher named Caterus raised key objections to his proof, which he later responded to in an intriguing way. Descartes’s reply to Caterus’s critique of Descartes’s OntologicalRead MoreAnshelm ¬Ã‚ ¥s Proof of God ¬Ã‚ ¥s Existence1466 Words   |  6 Pagesabout the existence of God or, more generally speaking, of a supernatural entity that steers the course of the world, is probably as old as humanity itself. Many great philosophers were concerned with this basic and yet so important question which remains to be a controversial issue to this day! In the following I will commit myself to the above-mentioned question by firstly reconstructing Anselm ´s proof of God ´s existence and secondly considering his position in the light of the critique put forwardRead MoreCritique of Judgement Summary829 Words   |  4 PagesSummary The  Critique of Judgment,  often called the Third Critique, does not have as clear a focus as the first two critiques. In broad outline, Kant sets about examining our faculty of judgment, which leads him down a number of divergent paths. While the  Critique of Judgment  deals with matters related to science and teleology, it is most remembered for what Kant has to say about aesthetics. Kant calls aesthetic judgments â€Å"judgments of taste† and remarks that, though they are based in an individual’sRead MoreThe Major Features of the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God1021 Words   |  5 PagesFeatures of the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God The ontological argument for the existence of God was originally set out in eleventh century by St. Anselm in his Proslogian. Anselm was a Benedictine monk, Archbishop of Canterbury, and one of the great medieval theologians. It has received a lot of both support and criticism from leaning philosophers. The argument is appeals to those who already believe in the existence of God than to an atheist. The argument isRead MoreThe Absolute Paradox For Kierkegaard Essay1609 Words   |  7 Pagescontemplate the â€Å"unknown†, and the unknown— according to Kierkegaard—is essentially God. Humans are foolish in their attempt to prove God’s existence; for humans’ attempted to do so already assumes god’s existence. In other words, , there would be no need for proof. The bible is in no way able to act as the only proof of God’s existence. To argue that the events in the world must derive from an all-good being (God) assumes that these events are all ultimately good—and this assumption is based onRead MoreAugustine and The Problem of Evil Essay886 Words   |  4 Pagesbeginning, God created the world. He created the earth, air, stars, trees and mortal animals, heaven above, the angels, every spiritual being. God looked at these things and said that they were good. However, if all that God created was good, from where does un-good co me? How did evil creep into the universal picture? In Book VII of his Confessions, St. Augustine reflects on the existence of evil and the theological problem it poses. For evil to exist, the Creator God must have granted it existence. ThisRead MoreThe Teleological Argument For The Existence Of Intelligent Design1273 Words   |  6 PagesThe teleological argument successfully provides proof for the existence of intelligent design by utilizing intricate scientific data in order to demonstrate intent and purpose in the creation of the universe, as opposed to random and highly improbable occurrences. The purpose of the teleological argument is to present complex details of the universe as evidence that it was designed by an intelligent mind. It suggests that since the universe is so compound and full of fine-tuned intricacies, thereRead More Descartes Meditations Ontological Argument Essay1010 Words   |  5 Pages Descartess fifth Meditation argument for Gods existence relies on an untenable notion that existence is a perfection and that it can be predicated of God. I shall first explain what Descartess argument for Gods existence is, and then present his argument in propositional form. I will then attempt to support the argument that existence is neither a perfection nor a predicate of God. In our thoughts we apprehend ideas of things. These ideas may reside entirely within our thoughts or they mayRead MoreSignificance Of Resurrection And The Created World1321 Words   |  6 PagesChristians are encouraged throughout the Scriptures to celebrate the resurrection of Jesus Christ daily and not just as a special yearly holiday. To the world the resurrection of Jesus Christ is what the faithful children of God reflect on every Sunday (John 20:1) as they worship God together in the customary assembly of the church (Acts 20:7; 1 Corinthians 16:2). The resurrection of Jesus from the dead is the foundation of the Christian system (cf. 1 Corinthians 15:14ff). Without the resurrection, ChristianityRead MoreOntological Argument999 Words   |  4 PagesOntological Argument One of the most fascinating arguments for the existence of an all-perfect God is the ontological argument. Ontological arguments are arguments to prove the existence of God based on pure reason alone. They attempt to show that we can deduce God’s existence from, so to speak, the very definition of God. St. Anselm of Canterbury proposed the first and most well known ontological argument in 1078 in his Proslogion, but it was actually Immanuel Kant, an 18th century German philosopher

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.